Studies in Economics and Business Relations <p>Studies in Economics and Business Relations (SEBR) is a peer reviewed international journal published by Saba Publishing. The aim of the journal is to provide a venue for researchers and practitioners to share theories, views, research and results in areas of Economics, Management, Accounting, Auditing and Finance. Articles are published in English.</p> <p><strong>Editor in Chief: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Dr. Faozi A. Almaqtari</a></strong><br /><strong>ISSN (online)</strong>: <a href="">2709-670X</a><br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> Biennial</p> SABA Publishing en-US Studies in Economics and Business Relations 2709-670X The Effect of Freight Transport Service Performance on Global Market Competitiveness <p>The producers, intermediaries, shippers, and consignees, located often thousands of miles distant from each other, require efficient transport and logistics services to get the right product with the right quality and quantity to the right place within the right time and above all at a right price. The main objective of this study was to assess the effect of freight transport service performance on international trade competitiveness. A descriptive research design was used. Secondary data were collected from international organizations' policy, standards documents, and annual report of the year 2018 by using the Logistic Performance Index rank. Moreover, a quantitative research approach was applied. The data were entered, manipulated, organized, and analyzed using Excel and Statistical Package for Social Science. Both descriptive and inferential analyses were used to identify and examine the extent of international trade competitiveness and its implication in the global market. As the result reviled the entire logistic performance factors such as Growth Domestic Product, Distance, Infrastructure, Landlocked, and Timelines were found to be significantly important to determine the global market competitiveness. But, the geographical distance between bilateral countries affected a country’s trade negatively. The top 10 higher Logistic Performance Index scores more competitive and better implementer of the effects of freight transport factors; whereas, the bottom scorers had an ineffective market link with their partners.</p> Eyakem Fikru Copyright (c) 2021 Studies in Economics and Business Relations 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 2 2 10.48185/sebr.v2i2.264 IMPACT OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED BANKS IN INDIA: BASED ON CAMEL MODEL <p><em>The concept of CSR has been witnessing a sharply rising trend since last decade.&nbsp; From a subject of interest mainly for the academicians, it has now emerged as a strategic corporate practice adopted both by the banking and non-banking institutions. CSR is purely based on the philanthropy on voluntary basis on the part of the organization, aiming to contribute towards the well-being of all its stakeholders, including the environment, to attain sustainable development. India is the first country in the world to render it mandatory for the companies fulfilling specific criteria, to spend a minimal percentage of 2% of their average net profits of last three preceding financial year. Indian commercial banks play a crucial role in contributing towards the growth of Indian economy as a whole. These banks, public and private, both have been incurring expenditure on CSR. Most of the researches are showing that the companies who operate in a socially responsible manner are experiencing better financial results in terms of increased profitability. The present paper is an attempt to examine the impact of CSR on the financial performance of the commercial banks of India, based on CAMEL Model, using Return on Assets (ROA) and Net Interest Margin (NIM) as performance indicators. The sample of 16 banks where considered for seven years period from 2015-2021 and STATA 15 was employed for panel data evaluation. The results show that there exists a positive correlation between the independent variables (CSR, Capital adequacy ratio, Liquid Assets to Total Assets, Total Loan to Total Assets and Total Deposit to Total Assets) and dependent variables (ROA and NIM).</em></p> Khushboo Chaturvedi Shakeb Akhtar Naghma Azhar Mohd Shamshad Copyright (c) 2021 Studies in Economics and Business Relations 2021-10-10 2021-10-10 2 2 The An Analysis of India’s Trade Flow with BIMSTEC nations- A Gravity Model Approach <p>At present, the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) represent 22 percent of the global population and carries immense economic promise, with a combined GDP worth $ 3.5 trillion (2018). BIMSTEC have India as the largest economy of the group followed by Bangladesh, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar and Bhutan. The paper tries to examine the impact of determinants of trade, on trading pattern of India with the BIMSTEC nations, by employing an augmented gravity model on panel data, since its formation for the period of 22 years i.e., from 1997-2018. The paper tries to examine the India’s trade flow within BIMSTEC trading bloc by implying augmented gravity model followed by Egger (2000,2002), Baltagi et al. (2003) and Serlenga and Shin (2007). Several checks have been performed to imply the presence of serial correlation, heteroscedasticity and contemporaneous correlation in the panels. Many other preliminary tests have also been performed to know the crosssectional dependency, stationarity, panel co-integration and normality of variables. The simple panel OLS estimation technique has been used conduct Regression. The study finds out that Heckscher-Ohlin- Samuelson theorem explain the India’s pattern of trade with the bloc. The variables GDP, per capita GDP, Trade GDP ratio, common border and belonging to BIMSTEC has positive impact on the trade between the India and country j. While tax and distance are negatively correlated with total trade of the nations as per our expectations.</p> SUNIL RAI Anand Shankar Paswan Dr. S.N. Jha Copyright (c) 2021 Studies in Economics and Business Relations 2021-11-03 2021-11-03 2 2 10.48185/sebr.v2i2.376